An inflammation of the skin, usually causing itching and sometimes accompanied by scaling or blisters. Some forms of Eczema are better known as dermatitis, such as Contact Dermatitis and Photo dermatitis. Eczema is sometimes caused by an allergy, but frequently occurs by some unidentified reasons. The four types of Eczema are described as under in details:
Atopic Eczema : This chronic superficial inflammation occurs in people who have inherited tendency headed for allergy. The person suffering from this disease or any members of their family may also have other types of allergies, like, asthma and allergic rhinitis (Hay fever). Atopic eczema is common in babies and often appears between the ages of two months to eighteen months. As strongly prickly rash emerges, principally on the face and inside parts of an elbows, and all aground the back side of the knees. The scales on the skin surface often appear in these areas resulting in small red blemishes’ on the affected area. As the small babies’ scratches, the pimple starts to ooze out and join to form large weeping area. Infection may occur, particularly in the nappy region. For gentle cases, the healing consists of applying the emollients such as petroleum jelly; helps keep the skin in the infected areas soft. In more intense cases, creams rich in corticosteroids drugs may be prescribed and antibiotic drugs may given for the infection. Anti-histamine drugs may be prescribed to decrease itching, mainly if it keeps a baby conscious at night. The baby should be prohibited from being to hot, which make the condition becomes worse, only cotton materials should be in straight contact with the skin. The condition frequently heals by their own. As a child becomes older, even though it may come and go for several years. Most children outgrow atopic eczema by puberty.
Nummular Eczema : This type of eczema usually occurs in adults. The cause of the disease is unknown. Nummular eczema takes the shapes of circular, prickly, scaling patch come outs everywhere in the skin, similar to tinea solium (ringworm infection), from which eczema need to be differentiated. The Corticosteroid medicines may be applied to the effected parts of the skin to help reduce swelling, even though the disorder is continual and often shows resistant to the treatments.
Hand Eczema : This type of eczema usually a result of irritation by substances such as detergents and dishwashing liquids, but may occurs for no ascertainable reason. Itchy blisters, up to about 2.5 cm across, develop, frequently on the palm, and hands may be covered with the scales and cracks. Tests are performed to confirm for the allergy. Hand eczema frequently recovers if rubber gloves are worn over white cotton gloves when in contact with any irritating materials. The hands should be carefully patted dry following washing. An odorless hand creams must be applied several times a day in order to reduce the symptom’s. If more severe circumstances appear, the corticosteroids may be prescribed for the inflammation and antibiotics may be given for the infections.
Static Eczema : In the people with varicose veins, the skin becomes irritated, inflamed and discolored. The most important factor is swelling of the legs, which may be controlled with compression bandages and stockings. Corticosteroids ointment may give instant relief. To lessen irritation and likelihood of scratch, a gentle ointment should be useful for the affected areas, which should be covered by a dressing to prevent scratching. Irritating materials like, fur, silky cloths, and rough artificial cloths should be avoided in order to prevent the Eczema.
Dermatitis is an endless provocative state of the skin that is described by tingling, redness and injuries/emissions on the skin. Being decently regular, this influences just about 20% of kids and 1-2 % of grown-ups around the world. Skin inflammation can influence individuals fitting in with any age bunch however its all the more ordinarily seen in babies. If there should arise an occurrence of newborn children, the condition generally determines by the age of 3 years however may proceed into adulthood in few cases. This is no specific sex preference seen in cases.