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While having a sexual relationship, there is a risk of many diseases, which are called sexually transmitted diseases or STDs. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can be caused by having sex, having oral sex, and even touching each other’s parts. These diseases occur equally in women and men. This is the reason why it is important to make sure that the partner does not have any kind of STD before having a physical relationship. The names of commonly occurring sexually transmitted diseases are genital herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, HPV ie Human Papilloma Virus, HIV ie Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Their symptoms are also different.

According to Dr. Hashmi, STDs are called secret diseases. These diseases can appear in many forms such as- skin rash after sex, pain during sex or urination, itching around the vagina in women, vaginal discharge, discharge from the penis in men. If a person is feeling tired for no reason, sweating excessively at night or suddenly losing weight, it can also be a symptom of an STD. At the same time, these diseases can occur without any symptoms. In this way, these diseases pass from one person to another without any knowledge. If they are not treated in time, the internal organs of the body can be damaged. Especially women are more at risk of these. STDs can cause infertility in women, various types of cancer. If not treated on time, death can also occur. In some STDs, the patient gets high fever.

How is STD tested?

Doctors do some tests to detect sexually transmitted diseases or STDs. These include urine and blood tests. The doctor diagnoses the disease by cleaning the wounds on the internal organs with a brush. Apart from this, tests are also done by taking samples from the urinary tract and vagina.

ways to prevent std

Safe sex is the best way to avoid these diseases. The transmission of STDs can be reduced by using condoms properly. Female condoms are not as effective, but if the man is not using condoms, then the woman must do it. According to Dr. Hashmi, the best would be to get a physical examination of herself and her partner before having a relationship. Exercise restraint while having sex and keep getting sex tests done from time to time. After sex, clean the organs thoroughly with soap. If possible, get HPV and Hepatitis vaccine on the advice of a doctor. If someone feels that he has symptoms of an STD or has been exposed to an STD, see a doctor. Be patient and adopt a healthy lifestyle.

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