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Fear or anxiety is a normal physiological response to threatening stimuli, but it can become a disorder or serious problem if it is expansive, irrational and/or detrimental to a person’s normal activities.

The American Psychological Association (APA) explains anxiety as an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, anxious thoughts, and physical changes such as increased blood pressure.

Knowing the various common anxiety disorder feelings that require medical attention can help a person identify and treat the condition.

In this section, we look at the differences between anxiety and anxiety disorders, the different types of anxiety, and the treatment options available.

Anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, social anxiety, and others, affecting countless people each year. Anxiety disorders can put considerable stress on body systems and have long-term negative effects on health.

Fortunately, a variety of treatments are available, including cognitive behavioral therapy, lifestyle changes, and a variety of prescription medications.

Symptoms :-

While many different diagnoses constitute anxiety disorders, the symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) will often include the following:

  • Concern
  • Uncontrollable feeling of anxiety or fear
  • Increased irritability
  • Concentration difficulties
  • Difficulty sleeping, such as falling or staying asleep

While these symptoms may be normal in daily life, people with (GAD) will experience them continuously or at extreme levels. GAD can present as vague, disturbing anxiety or more strict anxiety that disrupts daily life.

How many types of Phobia or Anxiety :-

  • General anxiety disorder
  • Panic disorder
  • Specific phobia
  • Agoraphobia
  • Selective mutism
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Social phobia
  • Separation anxiety disorder

Which is the reason?

The causes of anxiety disorders are complex. Many may occur together, some may be others, and some may not cause an anxiety disorder unless another is present.

Possible reasons include :

Environmental stress, such as difficulties at work, relationship problems, or family problems
Genetics, because people whose relatives have anxiety disorders are more likely to experience them themselves
Medical factors, such as symptoms of a different disease, the effects of a medication, or the stress of intensive surgery or a long recovery

Cranium chemistry, as psychologists define many anxiety disorders as a misalignment of hormones and electrical signals in the brain
Pulling out from an illegal substance, the effects of which may make stronger the effects of other possible causes.


Treatment will include a combination of psychotherapy, behavioral therapy, and medication.

Alcohol dependence, bereavement, or other conditions can sometimes have such a profound effect on mental health that treating an anxiety disorder requires waiting until any major condition is controlled.

Here are some important methods of treatment-

Self healing –

In some cases, a person can treat an anxiety disorder at home without clinical supervision. However, it may not be effective for severe or long-term anxiety disorders.

Here are several exercises and actions that help a person deal with milder, more focused, or short-term anxiety disorders, including :

  1. Tension management
  2. Relaxation learning
  3. Exercise to replace negative thoughts with positive thoughts.
  4. Prop up network
  5. Exercise
  6. Yoga


A standard way of treating anxiety is psychological. This may include cognitive behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, and a combination of therapies.

Bottom Line –

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