Hepatitis refers to a stirring condition of the liver. It is usually the result of a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis.
These include autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis that occurs as a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins, and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease that occurs when your body makes antibodies against liver tissue.
The liver is one of the most important organs in our body. In addition to its role in digestion, it has many other important functions, such as the removal of toxins and protein synthesis. Hepatitis is a disease that causes inflammation and damage to the liver. If left unchecked, it can lead to liver failure or liver cancer, which can be fatal.
This is a very important thing about it, there are mainly 4 viruses known to cause this disease: A, B, C and E and they are largely preventable. Of the 4 viruses, hepatitis A and E are the least serious infections and are usually short-lived (in most cases, they get better on their own). It is caused by eating or drinking contaminated food/water.
Hepatitis B and C are more serious types of the virus and cause a long-term (chronic) infection. Infection with the hepatitis B or C virus can cause severe liver damage ranging from cirrhosis (complete scarring) to liver failure and even liver cancer in some cases. The only possible treatment in the last stage is liver transplantation, which is expensive and the success rate is around 80 to 90%. Most people do not know that they are infected with hepatitis B or C; they are usually diagnosed years later, but by then severe liver damage has already occurred and complications of liver failure have developed. Sometimes they find out during a routine medical checkup. Fortunately, hepatitis C is now curable with new drugs if caught early. Although hepatitis B virus infection is not completely curable, it can be treated effectively with the use of medications so that most patients remain healthy throughout their lives. Hepatitis B vaccination is now offered to all at-risk infants and adults to protect them from the disease.
According to the 2018 WHO report, there are 45 million people infected with Hepatitis B in India and around 12 million people are infected with Hepatitis C. However, more than 90% of people with Hepatitis B and C do not know who are infected because symptoms appear. At a very late stage of the disease. The virus can silently damage the liver for years without causing any symptoms. Unless the infection is diagnosed, monitored, and treated, many of these people will eventually develop severe, life-threatening liver disease. Given the heavy burden of the disease and the high mortality rate, if left untreated, the World Health Organization began celebrating World Hepatitis Day on July 28 every year and actively campaigned to eliminate hepatitis. Viral by the year 2030. . The Government of India also joined the effort, launching a National Viral Hepatitis Control Program last year.
Both fatal infections (hepatitis B and C) have led to an investigation through the transfer of contaminated blood from an infected person, through the sharing of needles and injections between drug addicts, through unprotected ear piercings and tattoos through unprotected sex. Transmitted from mother to son. And sharing razors nail clippers, etc.
It is important not to underestimate the risk of hepatitis. The disease infects and kills more people than HIV, malaria and tuberculosis combined. More than 80 to 85% of liver cancer cases are caused by viral hepatitis.
Common symptoms of Hepatitis-
If you live with a chronic form of hepatitis, such as hepatitis B and C, you may not show symptoms until the damage affects your liver function. In contrast, people with acute hepatitis may develop symptoms shortly after contracting the hepatitis virus.
Common symptoms of infectious hepatitis include –
- Role of fatigue
- Role of flu-like symptoms
- Role of dark urine
- Role of pale stools
- Role of Stomach ache
- Role of loss of appetite
- Role of unexplained weight loss
- Role of yellow skin and eyes, which may be signs of jaundice
How to prevent from Hepatitis various –
The hepatitis A vaccine can prevent infection with the virus. The vaccine is usually given as two injections. The first injection is followed by a booster injection six months later. The hepatitis A vaccine can be given in a combination that includes the hepatitis B vaccine. This combination of vaccines is given as three injections over six months.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends the hepatitis A vaccine for the following people-
- All children 1 year of age or older who have not received a childhood vaccine
- Anyone 1 year of age or older who is homeless
- Babies 6 to 11 months old traveling to parts of the world where hepatitis A is common
- Families and caregivers of people adopted from countries where hepatitis A is common
- people in close contact with other people who have hepatitis A
- laboratory workers who may be exposed to hepatitis A
- men who have sex with men
- people who work or travel to parts of the world where hepatitis A is common
- people who use any type of recreational drug, not just injection drugs
- people with chronic liver disease, including hepatitis B or hepatitis C
- Anyone who wants to get protection (immunity).